Lasers in the Musculoskeletal System

Lasers in the Musculoskeletal System

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Since the introduction of laser technology into medicine, quite a number of clinical applications in orthopaedics have been developed. This text is the first to provide comprehensive guidelines and how-to-do instructions for the application of lasers in orthopaedics. These cover patient selection and decision-making as well as the benefits and risks of the clinical application of lasers in arthroscopic surgery, spine surgery and open surgery. An overview is given on the basics of laser technology and the various laser types are evaluated in terms of optimal use.... 259 Cyst, synovial 215 Cytokine 218 a€“ fibrogenic 228 a€“ synthesis 228 Cytokine concentration 61 a€“ maximum 61 Cytokine production 9, ... nucleotome 303 a€“ chemical 300 a€“ combined manual 298 a€“ comparative studies 274 a€“ conventional 272 a€“ endoscopic 242, 311, ... 214, 215 DNA production 64 Doppler ultrasonography 195 Dornier MediLas H Ho:YAG laser 32 Dorsal root ganglion 214 Dosimetryanbsp;...


Title:Lasers in the Musculoskeletal System
Author: Bruno Edoarda Gerber, Martin Knight, Werner Siebert
Publisher:Springer Science & Business Media - 2001-01-01
ISBN-13:

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